Instrumentation Phase One
Phase one called for direct monitoring of the crack and the stability of the wall through the use of crackmeters and an AMTS (Automated Motorized Total Station). Readings would be taken automatically, processed, and displayed on a project website.
Crackmeters: 12 vibrating-wire crackmeters were installed at selected locations along the crack, with special configurations where the crack ran along the stained glass frames and the base of the arch. Readings were taken every 15 minutes.
AMTS: 40 optical glass prisms were positioned on the wall in a pattern that would allow detection of structural movement. Five additional prisms, used as reference points, were mounted on stable structures outside of the zone of influence. The AMTS collected readings of all the prisms every thirty minutes.
Thermocouples: 2 thermocouples were installed inside the upper and lower sections of the wall to monitor changes in the interior temperature of the wall itself.
Instrumentation Phase Two
Phase Two called for monitoring of porewater pressure and deformation of the ground between the church and the subway station.
Piezometers: 15 vibrating-wire piezometers were installed to monitor for changes in pore-water pressure that could weaken the soil holding the pilings.
Inclinometers: 2 In-Place Inclinometers were installed to monitor possible deformation of the soil mass between the church foundation and the diaphragm wall constructed for the subway project.
Liquid Level System: A liquid level system with 14 nodes was installed to monitor settlement or heave of the foundation below the east wall.
Within 36 hours of receiving the notice to proceed, GEO-Instruments had not only supplied and installed the instruments for phase one, but had also verified operation of the system, configured a wireless data acquisition system, and posted data on a project website.
The monitoring system implemented by GEO-Instruments helped engineers design and verify repairs to the church. The system also provided allowed resumption of work on the nearby subway.